Verb 'to do': simple past

Pasado simple del verbo 'to do'

Utiliza la misma forma en todas las personas, singular y plural.

Afirmativo

I did
You did
He did
She did
It did
We did
You did
They did

Ejemplos

I did my homework yesterday. Hice mis tareas ayer.
You did the ironing very well. Planchaste muy bien.
He did justice. Hizo justicia.
She did me a favour. Me hizo un favor.
We did it last week. Lo hicimos la semana pasada.
You did a lot of exercises. Hicisteis muchos ejercicios.
They did their work. Hicieron su trabajo.

Negativo

Suj + did + not + verbo + ...

Cuando "to do" funciona como verbo ordinario, se utiliza el auxiliar (don´t/doesn´t) para la forma negativa.

Forma larga Forma corta
I did not do I didn´t do
You did not do You didn´t do
He did not do He didn´t do
She did not do She didn´t do
It did not do It didn´t do
We did not do We didn´t do
You did not do You didn´t do
They did not do They didn´t do

I did not do my work. No hice mi trabajo.
You didn´t do that. No hicistes eso.
He didn´t do his best. No hizo lo mejor posible.
She didn´t do the shopping. No hizo la compra.
It did not do any harm. No hizo ningún daño.
We didn´t do anything. No hicimos nada.
You didn´t do your homework. No hicisteis vuestras tareas.
They did not do the accounts. No hicimos las cuentas.

Interrogativo

Did + suj + verbo + ...?

Afirmativo Negativo
Did I do...? Do I not do...? Don't I do...?
Did you do...? Did you not do...? Didn't you do...?
Did he do...? Did he not do...? Didn't he do...?
Did she do...? Did she not do...? Didn't she do...?
Did it do...? Did it not do...? Didn't it do...?
Did we do...? Did we not do...? Didn't we do...?
Did you do...? Did you not do...? Didn't you do...?
Did they do...? Did they not do...? Didn't they do...?

Ejemplos

How did she do? ¿Cómo lo hizo?
Did you do important business? ¿Hicistes negocios importantes?
Did he not do the washing-up? ¿No lavó los platos?
What did she do with the gun? ¿Qué hizo con la pistola?
What does it do? ¿Qué hace?
Didn't they do good? ¿No hicieron el bien?
When did you do your hair? ¿Cuándo te arreglaste el pelo?
Why don't we do this? ¿Por qué no hicemos esto?

Para los demás tiempos verbales "to do" se comporta como un verbo ordinario.

I have done my homework (present perfect).

I am doing my best (presente continuo).

I will do my hair (future).

Tienda de Cursos Interactivos Vitutor

Ejercicios

1 Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado del verbo to do en afirmativa.

1 My father the ironing yesterday morning.

did

2 I my best at work.

did

3 He his exercises last night.

did

2 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to do en pasado negativa.

4 You do it.

didn't

5 My cats drink water.

didn't

6 She read that novel.

didn't

3 Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado del verbo to do en interrogativa afirmativa.

7 she tell the truth?

Did

8 Where they do the shopping?

did

4 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to do en pasado interrogativa.

9 he live in Australia?

Didn't

10 we do a good job?

Didn't



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