Verb 'to be': simple past

Pasado simple del verbo 'to be'

Afirmativo

I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were

La forma afirmativa del pasado no se puede contraer.

Ejemplos

I was sleepy Estaba adormilado
She was wrong Estaba equivocada
We were happy Éramos felices
They were teachers Eran profesores

Negativo

Sujeto + was/were + not + ...

Forma larga Forma corta
I was not I wasn´t
You were not You weren´t
He was not He wasn´t
She was not She wasn´t
It was not It wasn´t
We were not We weren´t
You were not You weren´t
They were not They weren´t

La forma negativa se puede contraer.

Ejemplos

I wasn´t married No estaba casada
It was not windy No hacía viento
We were not young No éramos jóvenes
You weren´t our lawyers No érais nuestros abogados

Interrogativo

Was/Were + Sujeto + ...?

Afirmativo Negativo
Was I...? Was I not...?  
Were you...? Were you not...? Weren´t you...?
Was he...? Was he not...? Wasn´t he...?
Was she...? Was she not...? Wasn´t she...?
Was it...? Was it not...? Wasn´t it...?
Were we...? Were we not...? Weren´t we...?
Were you...? Were you not...? Weren´t you...?
Were they...? Were they not...? Weren´t they...?

Ejemplos

Was I late? ¿Llegaba tarde?
Weren´t you 18 years old? ¿No tenías 18 años?
Why wasn´t she here? ¿Por qué no estaba aquí?
Were they not afraid? ¿No tenían miedo?

Para los demás tiempos verbales 'to be' se comporta como un verbo ordinario.

I have been a good friend (Present Perfect).

I am being very patient (Present continuous).

I will be your wife (Future).

I can be your friend (con un verbo modal).

Ejercicios

1 Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado simple del verbo to be en forma afirmativa.

1 They very happy.

They were very happy.

2 I very angry.

I was very angry.

3 My friend Tom in New York last summer.

My friend Tom was in New York last summer.

2 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to be en pasado y en forma negativa.

4 You at school last Monday.

You weren't at school last Monday.

5 He fifteen years old.

He wasn't fifteen years old.

6 Our houses very old.

Our houses weren't very old.

3 Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado del verbo to be en interrogativa afirmativa.

7 she a beatiful girl?

Was she a beatiful girl?

8 Where my car?

Where was my car?

4 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to be en pasado interrogativa.

9 we here last holidays?

Weren't we here last holidays?

10 it a nice present?

Wasn't it a nice present?


 

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Ejercicios
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