Verb 'to have': have got

'Have got'

El verbo "to have got" se puede usar con el significado de obligación (igual que must) pero sobre todo se usa con el significado de "tener" (poseer).

El uso de "to have got" es más frecuente en el inglés británico.

Está formado por el auxiliar "have" + "got" (participio del verbo "to get").

Se suele usar en presente ya que para el pasado se suele usar el pasado de "to have".

No necesita del auxiliar "to do" para las oraciones negativas e interrogativas y la partícula "got" se omite en las respuestas cortas y en las question tags.

I have got to go.

Tengo que irme (obligación).

She hasn´t got any sisters.

No tiene ninguna hermana (posesión en negativa).

Have you got any children?

Yes I have/ No I haven´t.

¿Tienes niños? (Respuesta corta).

He´s got a new house, hasn´t he?

Tiene una nueva casa ¿verdad? (question tag).

Conjugación

Afirmativo

I have got I've got
You have got You've
He has got He's got
She has got She's got
It has got It's got
We have got We've got
You have got You've got
They have got They've got

Ejemplos

I have got a map. Tengo un mapa.
You've got a car. Tienes un coche.
He has got a big house. Tiene una casa grande.
She's got a good friend. Tiene un buen amigo.
It has got a tail. Tiene una cola.
We have got a flat. Tenemos un piso.
You have got a book. Tenéis un libro.
They've got some money. Tienen dinero.

Negativo

Sujeto+ have/has + not + got + ...

El auxiliar se conjugará según la persona que acompañe.

I have not got I haven't got
You have not got You haven't got
He has not got He hasn't got
She has not got She hasn't got
It has not got It hasn't got
We have not got We haven't got
You have not got You haven't got
They have not got They haven't got

Ejemplos

I haven't got any money. No tengo dinero.
You haven't got any brothers. No tienes hermanos.
He hasn't got a pen. No tiene un bolígrafo.
She hasn't got any friends. No tiene amigos.
It hasn't got four legs. No tiene cuatro patas.
We haven't got a big room. No tenemos una habitación grande.
You haven't got a laptop. No tenéis un portátil.
They haven't got a ticket. No tienen una entrada.

Interrogativo

Afirmativo

Have/Has + Sujeto + got + ... ?

Negativo

Have/Has + sujeto + not + got + ... ?

Haven´t/ Hasn´t + sujeto + got +... ?

Have I got...? Have I not got...? Haven´t I got...?
Have you got...? Have you not got...? Haven´t you got...?
Has he got...? Has he not got...? Hasn´t he got...?
Has she got...? Has she not got...? Hasn´t she got...?
Has it got...? Has it not got...? Hasn´t it got...?
Have we got...? Have we not got...? Haven´t we got...?
Have you got...? Have you not got...? Haven´t you got...?
Have they got...? Have they not got...? Haven´t they got...?

Ejemplos

Have I got a new job? ¿Tengo un nuevo trabajo?
Have you got a lighter? ¿Tienes un mechero?
Has he got a girlfriend? ¿Tiene novia?
Has she got a child? ¿Tiene un hijo?
Has it got a train station? ¿Tiene una estación de tren?
Have we got a headache? ¿Tuvimos un dolor de cabeza?
Have you got flowers? ¿Tenéis flores?
Have they got a computer? ¿Tienen un ordenador?
Tienda de Cursos Interactivos Vitutor

Ejercicios

1 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma larga del verbo to have got en afirmativa.

1 She a new house.

has got

2 They a Porsche.

have got

3 Their house five bathrooms.

has got

 2  Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to have got en negativa.

4 You that book.

haven't got

5 I a red ball.

haven't got

6 My new boss a big car.

hasn't got

 3  Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma larga del verbo to have got en interrogativa.

7 (You) a new computer?

Have you got

8 (your father) a good job?

Has your father got

 4  Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to have got en forma negativa e interrogativa.

9 Why (you) an English dictionary?

haven't you got

10 (your daughters) a pet?

Haven't your daughters got



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