Present perfect interrogative

Pretérito perfecto en forma interrogativa

Afirmativo

Have/Has + sujeto + past participle + ...

Negativo

Forma larga Have/Has + sujeto + not + past participle + ...
Forma corta Haven't/Hasn't + sujeto + past participle + ...
Afirmativo Negativo
Have I worked? Have I not worked? Haven't I worked?
Have you worked? Have you not worked? Haven't you worked?
Has he worked? Has he not worked? Hasn't he worked?
Has she worked? Has she not worked? Hasn't she worked?
Has it worked? Has it not worked? Hasn't it worked?
Have we worked? Have we not worked? Haven't we worked?
Have you worked? Have you not worked? Haven't you worked?
Have they worked? Have they not worked? Haven't they worked?

Ejemplos

What have I done wrong? ¿Qué he hecho mal?
Have you had fun today? ¿Te lo has pasado bien hoy?
Why has he not called me? ¿Por qué no me ha llamado?
Has she lost her talent? ¿Ha perdido su talento?
How has it changed over time? ¿Cómo ha cambiado con el tiempo?
Why have we had to sign this paper? ¿Por qué hemos tenido que firmar este papel?
Have you turned it off ? ¿Lo habéis apagado?
Haven't they thought about the consequences? ¿No han pensado en las consecuencias?

Ejercicios

1 Escribe las siguientes preguntas usando la forma larga del presente perfecto.

1 ane / not ski / anything up to now ?
?

Has Jane not skied anything up to now?

2 Your brother / do / his homework ?
?

Has your brother done his homework?

3 Why / we / go / so fast ?
?

Why have we gone so fast?

4 How / be / the day / at university ? ?

How has the day been at university?

5 They / not win / the competition ?
?

Have they not won the competition?

2 Escribe las siguientes preguntas usando la forma corta del presente perfecto, en forma interrogativa, siempre que sea posible.

6 Your friends / swim / today at the beach ?
?

Have your friends swum today at the beach?

7 The thief / not escape/ from the police ?
?

Hasn´t the thief escaped from the police?

8 His sister / not phone / you since Monday ?
?

Hasn´t his sister phoned you since Monday?

9 The rain / fall / in the countryside ?
?

Has the rain fallen in the countryside?

10 We / not listen / this CD for three times in the last hour ?
?

Haven´t we listened this CD for three times in the last hour?