Present perfect affimative

Pretérito perfecto en forma afirmativa
'Present perfect in the affirmative form'

La estructura del 'present perfect' en forma afirmativa es:

Sujeto + have/has + past participle del verbo + ...

El past participle de los verbos regulares tiene la siguiente estructura:

Infinitivo sin "to" + terminación -ed.

La formación y pronunciación será la misma que en el pasado simple.

Forma larga Forma corta
I have worked I've worked
You have worked You've worked
He has worked He's worked
She has worked She's worked
It has worked It's worked
We have worked We've worked
You have worked You've worked
They have worked They've worked

Con los verbos irregulares hay que estudiar la lista de los 'past participles'

Ejemplos

I've brought my bicycle Me he traído mi bicicleta
You have broken the vase Has roto el jarrón
He's visited his aunt Ha visitado a su tía
She has passed all her exams Ha aprobado todos los exámenes
It's grown in my garden Ha crecido en mi jardín
We've travelled around the world Hemos viajado por todo el mundo
You have forgotten your books Os habéis olvidado vuestros libros
They've chosen her La han elegido

Ejercicios

1 Completa las siguientes oraciones usando la forma larga del presente perfecto del verbo subrayado en forma afirmativa:

1 Patrick do judo for many years.

has done

2 My teacher live in Paris for five months.

has lived

3 My parents meet on their way home.

have met

4 I Sleep three hours.

have slept

5 Your brother eat a pasta salad.

has eaten

2Completa las siguientes oraciones usando la forma contraída del presente perfecto del verbo subrayado en forma afirmativa:

6 I read the newspaper.

've read

7 She watch the news.

's watched

8 This watch cost a thousand dollars.

's cost

9 My brother isn´t at home, he go to the gym.

's gone

10 It´s enough! We drive for five hours!

've driven