Past perfect continuous

Pasado perfecto continuo

El pretérito pluscuamperfecto continuo o "past perfect continuous" se usa para una acción que se estaba realizando u ocurriendo en el pasado antes de otra acción ya pasada.

He had been repairing the car before they went.

Él había estado reparando el coche antes de que ellos se fueran.

El past perfect continuous se diferencia del "past perfect" en que pone el énfasis en la acción en desarrollo, mientras que el "past perfect" la contempla como acabada.

She had been crying when I found her.

Había estado llorando cuando la encontré (énfasis en la duración de la acción).

She had cried when I found her.

Había llorado cuando la encontré (acción finalizada).

Formación del 'past perfect continuous'

Afirmativo

Sujeto + had + been + verbo en forma -ing + ...

Forma corta Forma larga
I had been working I'd been working
You had been working You'd been working
He had been working He'd been working
She had been working She'd been working
It had been working It'd been working
We had been working We'd been working
You had been working You'd been working
They had been working They'd been working
I'd been cooking for you. Había estado cocinando para ti.
You had been reading since this morning. Habías estado leyendo desde esta mañana.
He'd been playing the piano. Había estado tocando el piano.
She had been living here. Había estado viviendo aquí.
It'd been ringing for ten minutes. Había estado sonando durante diez minutos.
We had been studying Maths. Habíamos estado estudiando matemáticas.
You'd been playing football. Habíais estado jugando al fútbol.
They had been riding a horse. Habían estado montando a caballo.

Negativo

El negativo tiene dos formas:

Forma larga Sujeto + had + not + been + v. en forma -ing + ...
Forma corta Sujeto + hadn't + been + v. en forma -ing + ...
Forma larga Forma corta
I had not been working I hadn't been working
You had not been working You hadn't been working
He had not been working He hadn't been working
She had not been working She hadn't been working
It had not been working It hadn't been working
We had not been working We hadn't been working
You had not been working You hadn't been working
They had not been working They hadn't been working

Ejemplos

I hadn´t been painting your house. No había estado pintando tu casa.
You had not been teaching me anything. No habías estado enseñándome nada.
He hadn't been living here. No había estado viviendo aquí.
She had not been reading my book. No había estado leyendo mi libro.
It hadn't been raining since April. No había estado lloviendo desde abril.
We had not been playing football. No habíamos estado jugando al fútbol.
You had not been gardening all day. No habíais estado arreglando el jardín todo el día.
They hadn´t been waiting for two hours. No habían estado esperando dos horas.

Interrogativo

Afirmativo

Had + sujeto + been + verbo en forma -ing

Negativo

Had + sujeto + not + been + verbo en forma -ing
Hadn't + sujeto + been + verbo en forma -ing
Afirmativo Negativo
Had I been working? Had I not been working? Hadn't I been working?
Had you been working? Had you not been working? Hadn't you been working?
Had he been working? Had he not been working? Hadn't he been working?
Had she been working? Had she not been working? Hadn't she been working?
Had it been working? Had it not been working? Hadn't it been working?
Had we been working? Had we not been working? Hadn't we been working?
Had you been working? Had you not been working? Hadn't you been working?
Had they been working? Had they not been working? Hadn't they been working?

Ejemplos

Had I been dancing for too long? ¿Había estado bailando mucho tiempo?
When had you been learning karate? ¿Cuándo habías estado aprendiendo kárate?
Had he not been drinking too much? ¿No había estado bebiendo mucho?
Why had she been crying? ¿Por qué había estado llorando?
Had it been barking the whole night? ¿Había estado ladrando durante toda la noche?
Hadn´t we been driving since that morning? ¿No habíamos estado conduciendo desde aquella mañana?
Had you been sleeping in their house? ¿Habíais estado durmiendo en su casa?
Where had you been planting new roses? ¿Dónde habíais estado plantando las rosas nuevas?

Ejercicios

Pon el verbo entre paréntesis en la forma adecuada del 'past perfect continuous'.

1 He work hard all night.

He'd (had) been working

2 We do our exercises.

had been doing

3 I not read that book.

I'd not (had not / hadn't) been reading

4 her secretay / write emails every day?

Had her secretary been writing

5 They not run for three hours.

They'd not (had not / hadn't) been running

6 She / sleep at home?

Had she been sleeping

7 They wait for half an hour before their daughter arrived.

they'd (had) been waiting

8 She / not cook for you?

Had she not been cooking / Hadn't she been cooking

9 Their children / not play in the park that afternoon?

Had their children not been playing / Hadn't their children been playing

10 He cry when I woke up.

He'd (had) been crying


 

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Tema
Ejercicios