Conditional simple

Condicional simple

En inglés no hay un tiempo verbal para formar el condicional. Generalmente se forma con los auxiliares modales 'should/would' pero hay que tener en cuenta que estos modales pueden tener muchos otros usos y significados.

Los principales usos del condicional simple son:

 1   Para formar las oraciones condicionales hipotéticas o de tipo 2 (el verbo de la oración subordinada irá en pasado simple).

I would visit her if she lived here.

La visitaría si viviera aquí.

I would be happier if she came.

Sería más feliz si viniera.

 2   Para expresar probabilidad, posibilidad, opiniones, conjeturas.

I should like to go there.

Me gustaría ir ahí.

It would be good to study Chinese.

Sería bueno estudiar chino.

 3  Para hablar del futuro en un momento del pasado. Hay que tener en cuenta que este valor viene dado al ser 'would' la forma pasada del auxiliar 'will'.

In 1975 I arrived where I would spend the best 10 years of my life.

En 1975 llegué a donde pasaría los 10 mejores años de mi vida.

They knew she would visit them the following day.

Sabían que ella los visitaría al día siguiente.

Formación

Para la primera persona del singular y plural se utilizan indistintamente "should" y "would" aunque la tendencia es a usar "would" para todas las personas. En inglés americano normalmente no se usa "should". En las formas afirmativas contraídas esta distinción no se nota ya que sólo queda la -d final.

Afirmativo

Ejemplo:

Forma larga Forma corta
I should/would work I'd work
You would work You'd work
He would work He´d work
She would work She´d work
It would work It'd work
We should/would work We'd work
You would work You'd work
They would work They'd work

Negativo

 

Forma larga Sujeto + should /would + not + v. en infinitivo sin "to"
Forma corta Sujeto + shouldn´t/ wouldn´t + + v. en infinitivo sin "to"
Forma larga Forma corta
I should/would not work I shouldn´t/wouldn´t work
You would not work You wouldn´t work
He would not work He wouldn´t work
She would not work She wouldn´t work
It would not work It wouldn´t work
We should/would not work We shouldn´t wouldn´t work
You would not work You wouldn´t work
They would not work They wouldn´t work

Interrogativo

Afirmativo

Should/Would + sujeto + verbo en infinitivo sin "to" + ... ?

Negativo

Should/Would + sujeto + not + v. en infinitivo sin "to" + ... ?

Shouldn´t/Wouldn´t + sujeto + v. en infinitivo sin "to" + ... ?

Ejemplo:


Afirmativo Negativo
Should/Would I work...?
Should/Would I not work...?
Shouldn´t/Wouldn´t I work...?
Would you work...?
Would you not work...?
Wouldn´t you work...?
Would he work...? Would he not work...? Wouldn´t he work...?
Would she work...? Would she not work...? Wouldn´t she work...?
Would it work...? Would it not work...? Wouldn´t it work...?
Should/Would we work...? Should/Would we not work...? Shouldn´t/Wouldn´t we work...?
Would you work...? Would you not work...? Wouldn´t you work...?
Would they work...? Would they not work...? Wouldn´t they work...?