Reported speech and direct speech

Estilo directo e indirecto

1 Direct speech / Estilo directo

Utilizamos el estilo directo cuando reproducimos exactamente lo que otra persona ha dicho. La frase que ha dicho la persona se coloca entre comillas ("...").

Ejemplo:

My brother said "I'm going on holiday".

"I love cooking", John said.

2Reported speech / Estilo indirecto

En el estilo indirecto se dice lo que una tercera ha dicho a través de:

pasado del verbo 'say' + (that) + clause
pasado del verbo 'tell' + object pronoun + that + clause

En el estilo indirecto, los tiempos verbales se modifican:

Verb tense Direct speech Reported speech
Present simple Past simple We play the guitar We said (that) we played the guitar
Present continuous Past continuous We are playing the guitar We told him (that) we were playing the guitar
Simple past Past perfect /Simple past(*No change) We played the guitar We said (that) we played the guitar / We said (that) we had played the guitar
Past continuous Past perfect continuous We were playing the guitar We told him (that) we had been playing the guitar
Present perfect Past perfect We have played the guitar We said that we had played the guitar
Present perfect continuous Past perfect continuous We have been playing the guitar We said that we had been playing the guitar
Past perfect Past perfect (*No change) We had played the guitar We said (that) we had played the guitar
Past perfect continuous Past perfect continuous (*No change) We had been playing the guitar We said (that) we had been playing the guitar