Possesive adjectives

Adjetivos posesivos
'Possessive Adjectives'

Los posesivos indican la persona, animal o cosa a la que le pertenece algo. Hay dos tipos: los adjetivos posesivos y los pronombres posesivos.

Adjetivos posesivos

Los adjetivos posesivos son aquellos que acompañan a un sustantivo.

Persona Inglés Español
1ª per. singular my mi, mis
2ª per. singular your tu, tus
3ª per. singular (masculino) his su, sus
3ª per. singular (femenino) her su, sus
3ª per. singular (animales o cosas) its su, sus
1ª per. plural our nuestro/-a/-os/-as
2ª per. plural your vuestro/-a/-os/ -as
3ª per. plural their su, sus

Ejemplos:


My computer is new Mi ordenador es nuevo
Your friend is very unpleasant Tu amigo es muy antipático
I don't like his songs No me gusta sus canciones
Her husband works a lot Su marido trabaja mucho
Venice is famous for its canals Venecia es famosa por sus canales
These are our children Estos son nuestros hijos
Your schoolbags are here Vuestras mochilas están aquí
We don't know their goals No conocemos sus objetivos

En inglés, a diferencia del español, concuerdan con el poseedor y no con la cosa poseida.

Mary loves her brothers.

Mary quiere a sus hermanos (en inglés el adjetivo posesivo concuerda con "Mary" por lo que va en femenino y singular, y en español concuerda con "hermanos" y va en masculino y plural).

Se suele usar delante de sustantivos como partes del cuerpo, vestimenta, parentesco y objetos personales. En estos casos en español se usa el artículo determinado.

She washed her hands.

Se lavó las/sus manos.

Susan is wearing her new dress.

Susan se ha puesto el/su vestido nuevo.

He lives with his parents.

Vive con los/sus padres.

I lost my car.

Perdí el/mi coche

Ejercicios

Completa las siguientes oraciones con el adjetivo posesivo que corresponda:

1 friend Tom lives near me. I always go to work with him.

My friend Tom lives near me. I always go to work with him.

2 teachers are very good. He really likes them.

His teachers are very good. He really likes them.

3 Tom and Susan are cousins. parents are brothers.

Tom and Susan are cousins. Their parents are brothers.

4 Mike and I talk a lot in classes. teacher is not happy with us.

Mike and I talk a lot in classes. Our teacher is not happy with us.

5 May I borrow pen, please?

May I borrow your pen, please?

6 I'm going to visit grandmother on Friday.

I'm going to visit my grandmother on Friday.

7 Mary, I love the colour of new car. It's so nice!

Mary, I love the colour of your new car. It's so nice!

8 If you sell house, avoid paying an agent's commission.

If you sell your house, avoid paying an agent's commission

9 Tom asked her about feelings.

Tom asked her about her feelings.

10 I'm afraid but I can't go to your party. schedule this week is completely full.

I'm afraid but I can't go to your party. My schedule this week is completely full.