Comparative of inferiority

Comparativo de inferioridad

La comparación de inferioridad se puede dar entre:

Adjetivos

Cuando la comparación se hace entre dos adjetivos se usa la estructura less ... than,

Peter is less happy than Mary.

Peter es menos feliz que Mary.

He is less tall than you.

Es menos alto que tú.

Your parents are less frightened than your sister is.

Tus padres están menos asustados que tu hermana.

Aunque es más usual usar la comparación de igualdad en forma negativa (not as... as) sobre todo en inglés informal (tienen un significado similar).

Peter is not as happy as Mary.

Peter no es tan feliz como Mary.

He is not as tall as you.

No es tan alto como tú.

Sustantivos

Cuando comparamos sustantivos utilizamos:

 1  'Fewer than' con los sustantivos contables en plural.

I have got fewer books than you.

Tengo menos libros que tú.

 2  'Less ... than' para comparar los sustantivos incontables.

She has got less energy than you.

Tengo menos energía que tú.

Ejercicios

 1  Escribe los siguientes adjetivos en su forma de comparativo de inferioridad.

1 wide

less wide than

2 short

less short than

3 boring

less boring than

4 old

less old than

5 big

less big than

6 not cold

not as cold as

7 not melted

not as melted as

8 not sticky

not as sticky as

9 not savory

not as savory as

10 not simple

not as simple as

 2  Escribe una oración en la forma de comparativa de inferioridad para las siguientes oraciones.

11 I have two brothers and you have four. I have

fewer brothers than you

12 My mother does exercise everyday but my father doesn't. My father does

less exercise than my mother

13 In the nineteenth century, men had rights that women hadn't. In the nineteenth century, women had

less rights than men

14 Obama got 303 votes and Romney 206.
Romney got

fewer votes than Obama

15 Cooking a pizza takes 15 minutes and pasta 30 minutes. It takes

less time cooking a pizza than pasta.