Adding and Subtracting Complex Numbers

The addition or subtraction of complex numbers is done by adding and subtracting only real numbers among themselves and also only imaginary numbers among themselves.

(a + bi) + (c + di) = (a + c) + (b + d)i

(a + bi) − (c + di) = (a − c) + (b − d)i

(5 + 2 i) + ( − 8 + 3 i) − (4 − 2i ) =

= (5 − 8 − 4) + (2 + 3 + 2)i = −7 + 7i